Saturday, 23 September 2017

New Muslim Gift Pack

Whilst stocks last we have available free gift packs for New Muslims in the United Kingdom consisting of 'The New Muslim Guide' & My Prayer Projects 'How To Perform Salaah Book and DvD'.
People who are born into Islam have the benefit of having a foundation with their parents and family. The Qur’an is on their bookshelf, Arabic words are mixed into conversation without needing definition, and there is an environment of tradition that provides a reference point for looking at the world. A Revert is experiencing the total opposite. He or she doesn’t have any sort of religious connection with their family anymore, and there is sometimes backlash from parents and extended family about the decision to become a Muslim.
Even if there’s no significant backlash, there are usually no blood relatives to talk to about Islam, no one to clarify things, and usually no family support to be offered in the entire process. All of these things can cause an immense amount of stress and disillusionment. It’s common for Reverts to have moments of breakdown where they feel like nobody is on their side. Reverts need support from individuals in their community to feel empowered as Muslims. This doesn’t require a full-time therapist, but just people to make them feel at home.
When a Revert tells his friends that he or she just became Muslim, they receive a wide range of reactions. Even if their friends are supportive, they will still be really puzzled and they will ask a million questions that most born Muslims would have trouble answering.Their friends might stick around for a while, but chances are their habits are not always what a New Muslim wants to be around. After they deny a few invitations to go to parties, their freinds might stop calling all together. Friends who seem to have abandoned you can cause a lot of depression and loneliness, and it will always take a while to replace a decent group of friends with a good group of Muslim friends.
We found the most beneficial advice on how to best help reverts came from actually asking previous reverts themselves. An unheard of notion, we know, but it really did help us in gathering the best resources and tips for reaching out to reverts.
So we are actively engaged in helping New Muslims to the best of our abilities and with your help will, Insha'Allah (God Willing) continue to do so.
Recently a brother who I met for a coffee was extremely pleased with his copy of The New Muslim Guide, he told me "this is very informative and answers so many question that I have on certain topics  such as Fasting, Eid, Hajj, Salaah and daily muslim life."
One problem he has found amongst some muslims is that they will tell him don't do this or don't do that but wont be able to explain why! which is where informative books such as this should really be of benefit to him.
These exquisitely illustrated guides presents New Muslims with the first steps and the foundation stage in learning about this great religion, which is undoubtedly the best blessing Allah has bestowed upon man. They provide New Muslims with guidelines in most aspects of life that they may encounter and responds to their urgent queries and thus gives them ample support to deal with people around them and successfully deal with the various situations in which they are most likely to find themselves in.
Presented in a straightforward style, these guides also provides them with documented information from The Qur'an and the sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).
So If you are a New Muslim living in The United Kingdom and would like a gift pack then please do get in touch.
We also have permission and the templates to reprint the Prayer Booklets and DvD's from my Prayer Project, so if you would like to help in reprinting then please get in touch.
“Who will loan Allah a beautiful loan so He may multiply it for him many times?” [Sûrah al-Baqarah: 245] 

Saturday, 12 August 2017

Credibility of any Scripture

Let us look at the internal consistency and the preservation and protection of scripture (peripheral conditions). Since anything which has doubtful, contradictory or has crooked statements cannot be attributed to God almighty, as He is perfect and free of any error whatsoever.
You will also note that we have stressed our examples against the Old/New testaments in particular. This is because these are the two other religions which are traditionally monotheistic and have a concept of God, life’s purpose, death and afterlife. Other religions are found lacking in at least one of these categories or they have a concept of Avatar. Hence because of these points they can easily be broken down due to their incompleteness without even entertaining their scriptures. Avatarism – Although many may have heard this term from a movie perspective it actually stems from a Sanskrit word which means “A manifestation of a deity in bodily form on earth. This is a concept heavily found in ancient Egypt, Hinduism and even in Christianity.This is an extremely illogical view of God. Therefore when any religion has such a concept we simply go back to the understanding of God and argue that becoming human essentially requires the removal of Godly attributes and hence the Avatar is no longer God.


Contradictions – The Quran is free from any contradiction or fallacy yet other holy books contain contradictions (of which many by their own account have been removed – consider Mill’s Apparatus, for further details).

Old Testament:
• 2 Samuel 24 contradicts 1 Chronicles 21
2 Samuel 24:9 contradicts 1 Chronicles 21:5
2 Chronicles 36:9 contradicts 2 Kings 24:8
2 Samuel 10:18 contradicts 1 Chronicles 19:18

New Testament:
Synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke) don’t confer with gospel of John on style, content and discourse. E.g. Water to wine only in John.
Luke 23:26 contradicts John 19:17
Mark 16:1-2, John 20:1 and Matthew 28:1-2 contradict each other
Matthew 27:3-6 contradicts Acts 1:18

It’s strange that Mark’s gospel was produced first then Matthew and Luke copy Mark almost word for word; however John styles is in complete contrast hence at one point considered heretic. Bibles must be read horizontally not vertically to see how each account varies.Now Mark describes Jesus’ anger at many points yet Luke and Matthew never do, replacing or even omitting the word altogether, hence showing only compassion. Luke also removes all notions of grief and troubles from Mark’s account. Also, in Mark’s account, the disciples never seem to understand Jesus yet in Matthew’s account they always do.


Crooked statements – The Quran contains no obscene or crooked statements but on closer inspection of others, we see the following:

• Hosea 13:16, 1samuel 15:3, 1samuel 15:35, psalms 137:8-9, 2Kings 18:27
• Mark 16:8 – if they didn’t tell anyone how does the narrator know?
• John 20 – this seems like the end?


Versions – There is only one version of the Quran, the same that was revealed to Muhammad (salallahu alayhi wa sallam). The other books have many versions (revisions) with differing meanings in many places.

• Simply comparing the King James Version, New International, New American Standard, New World Translation
• The Roman Catholic (73) version has 7 more books than protestant (66) version.


Additions /Omissions – The Quran is complete as it was revealed and in the language of revelation in entirety. Other religious books have had many revisions, alterations and even go as far as not possessing any record of origin or a copy in existence that is closely in line with its period of revelation.

• 1 John 5:7 – known as the Johannine comma “There are three that bear witness...” and the story of the female adulteress (John 1:8-11) and the ending of Mark (16:9-20) are not found in any Greek Manuscript pre 14th Century.
• John 3:16 – “begotten” removed as fabrication
• Deuteronomy 34:5-8 – talk of Moses in past tense, so how could that have been revealed to Moses?
• Mark 16:9-20, Luke 22:43-44 – have no evidence from the earliest manuscripts
• The most ancient authorities don’t have John 7.53–8.11
• In 1707 John Mill published the results of 30 years of exhausting study and research. During which was discovered 30,000 variations among the 100 Manuscripts that he scrutinised. Today we have around 5700 Manuscripts on record and number of variation is estimated figuratively between 200,000 and 400,000.
• "Father, forgive them, for they don't know what they are doing." (Luke 23:34) Turns out these comments cannot be found in the earliest Greek witness (a papyrus called P 75, which dates to about 200 C.E.) it is only found in Codex Sinaticus of the Middle Ages.
• Others modern mistranslations are found in Mark 1:41 and Hebrews. 2:9
• Tampering based on different opinions as seen in Matt. 24:36 – (they tried to remove "not the son"), Matt. 17:12-13 – ‘then his disciples…’ (Was added to remove misunderstanding), Luke
5:38-39 (tampered with verse to prevent any likeness to Torah/Gospel).

Although you would think this enough to dispel any notion of authenticity, there were two very clever spins placed on the discoveries. The Catholic Church (Frenchman Richard Simon for one) used this to signify the importance of Churches and hence the need for Saints to clarify the right from wrong. The Clergy who followed the Protestant Reformation doctrine of sola scriptura, like Richard Bentley, an oxford professor, argued that these errors were present before but it didn’t impact our faith and that we merely need to perform an exercise to get to the correct bibles. Even then he could only afford a version close to a 4th Century Jerome Vulgate (Latin, post Nicaea Treaty). He however was unable even to live up to his claims and died before this could be done and his nephew had to return the money taken for the project.


Errors in transfer – The Quran was preserved by memory and inscription hence the issues around illiteracy were completely circumvented; it was also handled with care from the outset and by people of authority. The majority of early Christian scribes were largely illiterate and literacy could be deemed appropriate based merely on being able to sign your name. It wasn’t until Constantine became Christian some 300 years after Jesus (AS) that any real effort was made to ensure proper scribes were doing the transfers. There are a number of ways scribes made mistakes:

• On page 1512, next to Hebrews 1:3, of the Codex Vaticanus, the text contains an interesting marginal note, "Fool and knave, leave the old reading and do not change it!" Highlighting a mistake of a scribe.
• Greek manuscripts were all written in ‘scriptuo continua’—with no punctuation, for the most part, or even spaces between words. This means that words that looked alike were often mistaken for one another. For example, in 1 Cor. 5:8, The final word, evil, is spelled PONERAS in Greek, which, it turns out, looks a lot like the word for "sexual immorality," PORNEIAS.
• Abbreviations - scribes sometimes abbreviated certain words to save time or space. The Greek word for "and," for example, is KAI, which some scribes simply wrote the initial letter K, with a kind of down stroke at the end to indicate that it was an abbreviation. Other common abbreviations involved what scholars have called the ‘nomina sacra’ (sacred names); a group of words such as God, Christ, Lord, Jesus, and Spirit that were abbreviated either because they
occurred so frequently or else to show that they were being paid special attention. But the word Lord, KURIW, was typically abbreviated in manuscripts as KW (with a line drawn over the top),which some early scribes misread as an abbreviation for KAIRW, which means "time." The word Spirit (PNEUMA) would have been abbreviated in most manuscripts as PMA, which understandably could be—and was misread by some scribes as the Greek word for "drink"
(POMA);
• Periblepsis ("eyeskip") - occasioned by homoeoteleuton (the "same endings") is where a complete verse could be missed out since the scribe believed that verse had already been copied.
• Dictation - similar sounding words when copying dictation - Rev. 1:5, where the author prays to "the one who released us from our sins." The word for "released" (LUSANTI) sounds exactly like the word for "washed" (LOUSANTI).
• Misreading – In 1Tim 3:16 we find that the abbreviated nomina sacra (theta sigma) for "God" (θΣ) word was actually an omicron and a sigma (ΟΣ), a different word altogether, which simply means "who." So it was not God made manifest in the flesh, but Christ “who” was. This misreading, found by Johann J. Wettstein in the ancient Codex Alexandrinus, and was due to a leakage of ink from the other side of the page.
• Incorrect understanding – In Miniscule Codex 109 produced in the fourteenth century the scribe was copying the genealogy in Luke chapter 3 from verse 23, and instead of copying the columns of names from top to bottom, he copied them across. Thus, in his copy of the Bible, almost everyone has the wrong father. Even writing God as having genealogy – couldn’t the scribes read?


Preservation – Peripheral environment
• Its Language – Arabic is very much a living language and the Quran is only the Arabic version...Where other translations are called translations of the meaning. The four Gospels were written in Greek as opposed to the language of Jesus (PBUH) – Aramaic. The language of the Torah has been dated to be a mixture of 9th, 8th, 7th and 6th century BC even though Moses lived in the 13th Century BC. Making Moses by some accounts further from the Hebrew of the Torah
than Shakespeare to modern English. Aramaic, Assyrian languages are now considered mostly dead except possibly from an academic perspective and even Hebrew or Sanskrit are languages only found in certain parts of the world.
• Accessibility – Quran has always been accessible to the rich /poor, King, pauper – there have not been any restrictions imposed on it. The Holy books of Hindus were for the ‘Brahmans’ not permitted to lower classes like ‘Untouchables’ they neither had the ability nor authority to read from it. The Followers of Jesus were crucified from early on by Romans – self imposed bans on personal copies of bibles were issued by Church.
• Memorised / written records – Quran was compiled in the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (salallahu alayhi wa sallam). There are manuscripts which exist within 15 years of him being alive. Since the Prophet passed away in 632 CE and the Sana’a manuscripts have been carbon dated to 645-690 AD with 95 percent accuracy. Their real age may be even younger, since C-14 estimates the year of the death of an organism, and the process from that to the final writing on the parchment involves an unknown amount of time, with parchments often re-used. It was also memorised by thousands then and by tens of millions today - word for word.
  o There are no original copies of any other religious book of Major World Religions even closely in line with period of revelation.
  o Oldest Manuscripts for Bible exist in Greek and not native language of Jesus (AS) which is Aramaic.
  o No original Hindu texts from the period they describe.
• Promotion – The Quran formed the social and religious code of conduct for a civilisation and was at the forefront of their education, political and economic system. It gave rise to one of the greatest empires ever known on Earth. There has never been a reign of any empire attributed solely to any other religious book.
• Details on its collectors/ scribes – The life and death of the scribes of the Quran and its method of collection have been reported categorically, repetitively and unanimously. The same cannot be said about other religious woks for which even the names of the scribes are unknown let alone their credibility.
  o The scribes of Religious Books of the OLD and NEW Testaments are either doubtful or quite simply unknown, with no knowledge of their genealogy, pedigree or companionship to Jesus.
  o The Hindu scriptures original authors remain unknown and steeped in folklore
  o The King James Version Bible is based on Erasmus which only used 2 manuscripts none of which dated earlier than 12th Century


Protection – The authority and power of its adherents
• How was it recorded – The Arabic Quran was collected in entirety at the time of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam). It was memorised more so than recorded and this is not a criticism but an actual marvel since the majority of the world was illiterate at this time. Literacy is largely a modern world phenomenon; it became advantageous due to the industrial revolution when it made economic sense to educate the masses.
• How its people lived – In no time in History have the Muslims been wholly occupied by any non- Muslim force from the establishment of the first Islamic state in Madina. Therefore they have never been forced to compromise its teachings or message. In contrast there was no real emphasis on Christianity until Constantine became Christian and even then there were the Treaties of Nicaea. Occupation of Oriental lands by western forces and Communism, Enslavement of Jewish tribes (Egypt/Babylon) are also in contrast to the conditions of the Muslims.
• Was it ever forsaken – Muslims have had no period of captivity or collective institutionalised pressure which required the Quran to be modified, amended or edited to be acceptable to the status quo. The Jews have undergone periods of slavery (Torah unavailable at Babylon) and or persecution – Christian Middle Ages (no bible could be owned), Stalin’s communism over Russia;
Hindus were ruled by Muslims in India for Hundreds of years and the Communist Ideology continues to rule over oriental faiths. UK secular law is superior to Christianity and secular law prevails over Hinduism in India, as did the British Raj when many Hindu practices were banned.
• Does it have any competing texts – The narrations of the prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) have always been considered separate to the Quran and were therefore recorded and classified as a separate entity to such an extent that it gave birth to the profound field of the sciences of Hadith. In this field the narrators and the text of the hadith undergo scrutiny. This is in contrast to other religious books where it cannot be determined where footnotes and explanatory
glosses by copyists or narrators have been appended to original text. Or there is disagreement between heretical versions of texts (Jehovah/Mormons) or simply between the Catholic Church and Protestant Reformation or Greek Orthodoxy.


Torah or Gospel? All good can only come forth when it is encapsulated in the standard belief of one God. The revelations must be considered in entirety and through the Quran we are able to do that. It confirms and clarifies what came before it and that it will remain as law till the end of time.
Torah: Summed up by 10 commandments – observe them while believing in the one true God. The prophets of the ‘old testament’ make no mention of divinity of Jesus (PBUH) nor that he can guarantee salvation or that salvation is through him? Therefore where will these prophets and their followers go?
Bible: Jesus came to fulfil the law not to replace the law – so why introduce an alien concept of Trinity? Or the divinity of man? If salvation is so important and the sole crux of the religion why are there no unequivocal statements of Jesus (PBUH) saying that he is God or to worship him?
Say, "O People of the Scripture, you are [standing] on nothing until you uphold [the law of] the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord." (Noble Quran 5:68)

So how should we present the Quran to “People of the Scripture”? - The religious books namely Torah, Bible, Psalms of David have divine origins however the reason they are not referred to today is because they have been superseded by Quran.
“O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our Messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear Book.” (Noble Quran 5:15)

A good way to think about previous books is that although they may have divine origins they have now become obsolete; much in the same way that a particular software version is updated by a newer release. The latest release has the most up to date compatibility with the hardware – in this case ‘Mankind’. In case you are wondering about an update...this is the final version (hence the final testament).


“O People of the Scripture, there has come to you Our Messenger making clear to you much of what you used to conceal of the Scripture and overlooking much. There has come to you from Allah a light and a clear Book.” (Noble Quran 5:15)


more articles @ Just Dawah

Friday, 14 July 2017

How to do Istikhara (Prayer for Guidance)

Istikharah is a du'a made in conjunction with non-obligatory prayer; it is a voluntary prayer that Prophet Muhammad peace and blessings be upon him recommended to anybody wanting to do something but feeling hesitant about doing it. It is seeking guidance in order to make the right decision. It is reported that Prophet would teach his companions to make Istikharah just as he would teach them verses from the Quran. One should pray two units of non-obligatory (voluntary) prayer and then say the du'a of Istikharah.

Du'a of Istikharah:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَخِيرُكَ بِعِلْمِكَ وَأَسْتَقْدِرُكَ بِقُدْرَتِكَ وَأَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيمِ فَإِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلَا أَقْدِرُ وَتَعْلَمُ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ خَيْرٌ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي فَاقْدُرْهُ لِي وَيَسِّرْهُ لِي ثُمَّ بَارِكْ لِي فِيهِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ شَرٌّ فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي فَاصْرِفْهُ عَنِّي وَاصْرِفْنِي عَنْهُ وَاقْدُرْ لِيَ الْخَيْرَ حَيْثُ كَانَ ثُمَّ ارْضِنِي بِهِ

Allahumma innee astakheeruka bi ilmika wa-astaqdiruka biqudratika wa-as'aluka min fadhlika al-adheem. Fa innaka taqdiru walaa aqdiru. Wa ta'lamu walaa a'alamu wa anta allaamul ghuyoob. Allahumma in kunta ta'lamu anna haadhal-amr khayrun liy fiy deeniy wa-ma'aashiy wa-'aaqibat amriy, fa'qdruhliy wa-yassirh liy thumma baarik liy feehi. Wa in-kunta ta'lamu anna haadhal amr sharrun liy fiy deeniy wa-ma'aashiy wa-'aaqibat amriy. Fa asrifh annee wa-srif 'anhu. Wa aqdurh liyal khayr hayth kaana thumma a-rdhiniy bihee

O Allah, I ask You to show me what is best, through Your knowledge, and I ask You to empower me, through Your power, and I beg You to grant me Your tremendous favour, for You have power, while I am without power, and You have knowledge, while I am without knowledge, and You are the One who knows all things unseen.

O Allah, if You know that this matter (mention the thing to be decided) is good for me in my religion and in my life and for my welfare in the life to come, then ordain it for me and make it easy for me, and then bless me in it.And if You know that this matter is bad for me in my religion and in my life and for my welfare in the life to come, then distance it from me, and distance me from it, and ordain for me what is good wherever it may be, and help me to be content with it."

read more about the Istikhara prayer @ http://www.justmuslim.org/articles/in...

Video Courtesy of Sunnah Way

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The Mysteries Of The Soul

“And they ask you (O Muhammad), concerning the Ruh (the spirit); Say: “The Ruh (the Spirit): its knowledge is with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given a little,” Al-Isra 17:85

The majority of Islamic scholars agree that nafs (soul) and ruh (spirit) are two names for one in the same thing, and as such are interchangeable. You will find throughout the Qur’an and the Sunnah the term ‘soul’ and ‘spirit’ used intermittently. Some scholars of Hadith hold the opinion, that the ruh is other than the nafs , but the nafs, which is in the form of man, is dependent on the ruh for existence.
Mans nature (i.e. nafs) is filled with vanities, desires and passions. It is the source of trials and afflictions, and there is no enemy more hostile to him than his own nafs. Thus, the nafs wants and loves nothing other than the things of this world, while the ruh longs for the Hereafter and invites to it.


The Souls Form
 
According to Ibn al-Qayyim and affirmed by Ibn Abul-‘Izz al-Hanafi, we find their description of the “souls” form described and explained as follows:

“The spirit is an entity which differs from the physical, tangible body. It is a higher type of luminous (or light-like) being, alive and moving, and it penetrates the limbs, circulating through them as water circulates throughout the petals of a rose, as oil circulates throughout the olive, and as fire circulates throughout the burning embers of coal.”

Related by Ibn Abul- ‘Izz al-Hanafi in ‘al Aqeedat at Tahawiyyah

Descriptions of the spirit as “light”, it’s mode of penetration of the body, and it’s shape cannot be proven by the Qur’an or the Sunnah. These descriptions can only be considered conclusions based upon their own understanding of the “proofs”.

The Sunnah is replete with description of the state and the nature of the soul. These Hadith substantiate the view held by dependable scholars:

An example of the physical and psychological punishment awaiting the disbeliever's occurs in the following portion of a long, authentically related Hadith:

“....The Angel of Death says: “O you foul soul, come out to the anger and wrath of your Lord” The soul inside the disbeliever's body is overcome by terrible fear (and does not want to deliver itself up), whereupon the Angel of Death violently pulls it out like multi-pronged skewers, being yanked out of wet wool - tearing with them the arteries and nerves..”

Related by Bukhari

It is also narrated in an authentic Hadith Um Salamah reported:

“Allah’s Messenger (saws) entered upon Abu Salamah (i.e. his corpse), whose eyes were wide open. The Prophet (saws) closed the lids and then said: “When the Ruh (spirit) is taken out, the eyesight follows it (i.e. watches it ascend).”

Related by Ahmed and Muslim

These Hadith indicate in two ways that the soul is indeed a form. First of all, something must have form in order to be grasped and extracted. And second of all, eyes can only visualize something that has form.

Two Deaths and Two Lives
 

In the Qur’an Allah (swt) has mentioned two deaths and two lives.

“How can you deny Allah (swt) when you were dead, he gave you life, then he gave you death and he is going to give you life once again and you will come back to us.”

Al Baqarah 2:28

“....The kafir will say on the day of judgment -Oh Allah, you have bound us to die twice, and you gave us life twice, and now we admit our sins, so is there any way out for us?.....”

Ghafir 40:11

The first death is the state of the soul when it was first created. Allah (swt) creates first of all from the sperm, it turns into ‘Alaqa’ (leach like substance), then the ‘Mugarah’ (little piece of flesh), and when it is in the shape of a fetus (after 120 days), the soul is breathed into it. This is the moment when life begins. When the soul leaves the body (when death occurs), this is the second death and then Allah (swt) gives them a new form and this is the second life.

This life now is the most important one, because what we do in this life, determines what happens in the next.

A third of our life is spent in sleeping. While we are sleeping our souls leave our body.

“Allah (swt) takes souls at the time of their death and (the souls) of those that do not die, during their sleep. He retains those souls for which he has ordained death, whereas he releases the rest for an appointed term.”

Az-Zumar 39:42

The soul can experiences pain and emotions and we know this by the fact that we dream.

The Prophet Muhammad (saws) said;

“The clearest among you in his dreams are the clearest among you in his faith. If you speak the truth all the time, then your dreams will be true, but if you speak lies all the time then your dreams will be false.”

Sahih

“If you could see, when the wrongdoers taste the pangs of death, and the angels stretch their hands out (saying), “Deliver up your souls. This day you will be awarded a degrading punishment.”

Al-An’am 6:93

Here it is stated that death is painful for the disbeliever's. Although, they are ordered to surrender their own souls to the angels, they are unwilling; therefore, the soul must be forced out as it does not wish to meet its punishment.

The term “akhriju anfusakum” used in this Qur’anic verse literally mean “expel” or push out your souls, indicating that the soul becomes a separate entity from the physical body.

The Meetings of Souls

Souls of the Dead Meeting with Each Other

The souls of the dead may be divided into the following two categories:

1. Favored souls (i.e. those of pious believers)

2. Punished souls (i.e. those of the sinful believers and disbeliever's)

The souls of the second group are confined to places of punishment and are too preoccupied with the torments of the grave to be able to meet or visit with each other. However, the blessed and favored souls of the pious believers are free to roam and meet. They may visit and discuss with each other their previous existence on earth. In the barzakh every soul will be with companions of like nature. (refer: Ibn al-Qayyim’s Kitab ar-Ruh page 28)

The following Hadith is a direct reference and clear proof that , in general, the souls of pious believers are able to meet and converse with each other.

Abu Hariarah (raa) reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said:

“Verily, the soul of the believer (after death) soars up to the heavens, whereupon the souls of other believers come to it, seeking news about those they know from the people of the earth.”

Related by Muslim, Bukhari and Ahmad

Souls of The Dead Meeting with Souls of The Sleeping

Since the souls of the living (which are sleeping) and the souls of the dead can roam in the spiritual world - for they are not tied to their earthly bodies - it is certainly possible that they meet and converse. This deduction is confirmed by the majority of dependable Qur’anic commentators, foremost among them; Imam Ibn Jareer at-Tabari and Ibn Katheer.

Allah says in the Qur’an:

“Allah takes the souls at the time of death and (the souls) of those that do not die during their sleep. He retains those souls for which He has ordained death, whereas he releases the rest for an appointed term.”

Az-Zumar 39:42

Ibn al-Qayyim mentions two view points regarding the tafseer on this verse. The first view is there are two points in time at which Allah takes souls: death and during sleep. Death may occur during sleeping or at other times. The soul taken at death is “retained” soul referred to in this verse. The “released” soul is that which is taken during sleep and is returned to its respective body upon awakening.

The second position in regard to this verse is that both the “retained” soul and the “released” one are taken during sleep. Then those who have completed there specified period of life are retained, while those who have not completed their time are returned to their bodies. This view suggests that the verse refers to only souls that die in their sleep and the souls which are returned to their respective bodies upon awakening, and does not mention the “retained” souls that die at times other than during sleep.

When I was researching this topic: I found it very hard to get information from the Qur’an and Authentic Sunnah of the Prophet (saws)

I think an appropriate way to finish is to re-quote the ayah from the beginning of this paper:

“And they ask you (O Muhammad) concerning the Ruh (the spirit): Say: “The Ruh (the spirit): its knowledge is with my Lord, And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given but a little.”

Al-Isra 17:85

For further reference please refer to: Mysteries of the Soul Expounded by Abu Bilal Mustafa al-Kanadi

Thursday, 22 June 2017

Etiquette of Visiting Graves


It is prescribed to visit graves in order to learn a lesson from that and to remember the Hereafter. That is subject to the condition that one does not say anything that will anger the Lord, such as calling upon the one who is buried or seeking his help instead of Allaah, or praising him and saying that he is for certain in Paradise, etc. 

The purpose of visiting the graves is twofold:
(a)The visitor benefits from remembering death and the dead, remembering that their destiny will be either Paradise or Hell. This is the primary purpose of the visit.
(b)The deceased also benefits and is treated kindly by the visitor greeting him with salaams, making du’aa’ for him, praying for forgiveness for him. This applies only to Muslims. Among the du’aa’s that may be recited are:
“Assalaamu ‘alaykum ahl al-diyaar min al-mu’mineen wa’l-Muslimeen, in sha Allaah bikum laahiqoon, as’al Allaaha lana wa lakum al-‘aafiyah (peace be upon you O people of the dwellings, believers and Muslims, In sha Allaah we will join you, I ask Allaah to keep us and you safe and sound).”

It is permissible to raise the hands when reciting this du’aa’, because of the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went out one night, and I sent Bareerah to follow him and see where he went. She said, ‘He went towards Baqee’ al-Gharqad [the graveyard in Madeenah], and he stood at the bottom of al-Baqee’ and raised his hands, then he went away.’ Bareerah came back to me and told me, and when morning came I asked him about it. I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, where did you go out to last night? He said, ‘I was sent to the people of al-Baqee’, to pray for them.’”

But you should not face the grave when making du’aa’ for them; rather you should face the direction of the Ka’bah, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade prayer (salaah) facing graves, and du’aa’ is the heart and soul of salaah, as is well known, and is subject to the same rulings. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Du’aa’ is worship” then he recited the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): “And your Lord said: “Invoke Me [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism) and ask Me for anything] I will respond to your (invocation).” [Ghaafir 40:60]

You should not walk between the graves of the Muslims wearing your shoes. It was narrated that ‘Uqbah ibn ‘Aamir (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘If I were to walk on hot coals or on a sword, or if I were to mend my shoes using my feet, that would be better for me than if I were to walk on the grave of a Muslim. And it makes no difference to me if I were to relieve myself in the midst of the graves or in the middle of the market-place [i.e., both are equally bad].’” (Narrated by Ibn Maajah, 1567)

We ask Allaah, the Most High, the Omnipotent, to have mercy upon our dead and the deceased Muslims.
Adapted from Mukhtasar Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz by al-Albaani